# Longest Increasing Subsequence

## Problem

Given a sequence of integers, find the longest increasing subsequence (LIS).

You code should return the length of the LIS.

## Example

For [5, 4, 1, 2, 3], the LIS is [1, 2, 3], return 3

For [4, 2, 4, 5, 3, 7], the LIS is [4, 4, 5, 7], return 4

## Challenge

Time complexity O(n^2) or O(nlogn)

## Clarification

What's the definition of longest increasing subsequence?

* The longest increasing subsequence problem is to find a subsequence of a given sequence in which the subsequence's elements are in sorted order, lowest to highest, and in which the subsequence is as long as possible. This subsequence is not necessarily contiguous, or unique.

* https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Longest_common_subsequence_problem

## Code - Java

public class Solution {
/**
* @param nums: The integer array
* @return: The length of LIS (longest increasing subsequence)
*/
public int longestIncreasingSubsequence(int[] nums) {
int[] cnt = new int[nums.length];
int max = 0;

for (int i = 0; i < nums.length; i++) {
cnt[i] = 1;
for (int j = 0; j < i; j++) {
if (nums[i] >= nums[j]) {
cnt[i] = Math.max(cnt[i], cnt[j] + 1);
max = Math.max(max, cnt[i]);
}
}
}
return max;
}
}