Standards

Updated: 2018-11-28

Standardization is required to scale anything.

POSIX

Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX): a family of standards specified by the IEEE Computer Society for maintaining compatibility between operating systems.

  • API
  • command line shells and utility interfaces

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/POSIX

Single UNIX Specification

POSIX standards form the core of the Single UNIX Specification.

OS X is compliant.

Linux Standard Base (LSB)

wiki

The LSB is based on the POSIX specification, the Single UNIX Specification (SUS), and several other open standards, but extends them in certain areas.

The LSB specifies for example: standard libraries, a number of commands and utilities that extend the POSIX standard, the layout of the file system hierarchy, run levels, the printing system, including spoolers such as CUPS and tools like Foomatic and several extensions to the X Window System.

  • ABI: application binary interface (The LSB is designed to be binary-compatible)

To get LSB version:

$ lsb_release -a

There are conflicts between the LSB and The POSIX standards

Semantic Versioning

MAJOR.MINOR.PATCH
  • MAJOR: backward incompatible
  • MINOR: new functionality, backward compatible
  • PATCH: bug fix only

Information + expectation

JSON Schema

http://json-schema.org/

Editor: https://github.com/jdorn/json-editor

Collection+JSON

Collection+JSON is a JSON-based read/write hypermedia-type designed to support management and querying of simple collections.

http://amundsen.com/media-types/collection/format/

Machine Learning

PMML/PFA

Container

Open Container Initiative

Markdown

.md

reStructuredText

.rst

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ReStructuredText

Math Formular

https://www.mathjax.org/

Ruby Character

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruby_character

A Hexo Plugin: https://github.com/JamesPan/hexo-ruby-character

Packaging

  • .egg -> .whl
  • .deb, .rpm -> snap

configuration format

  • json
  • yaml
  • HOCON
  • java property

Organizations

American National Standards Institute (ANSI) International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

Geospatial

OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium) geospatial

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenGeospatialConsortium

Open Container Initiative

https://www.opencontainers.org/

  • runtime-spec
  • image-spec