You may have seen buzzwords like hybrid cloud / private cloud / super cloud / meta cloud / distributed cloud, they are all trying to describe the next evolution of cloud computing: instead of using one single public cloud, your computing need is fulfilled by a mix of the following options.
- Public clouds: AWS, GCP, Azure.
- Customer Edge: Customer’s site – retail store, hotel, stadium, factory, industrial site.
- Telco Edge: Telco network edge locations – regional, metro, or cell site.
- Cloud Edge: Cloud provider PoP or edge location – owned and managed by cloud provider.
- Private on-prem data center.
- Disconnected: e.g. cruise ships.
Public sector: military, law enforcement, infrastructure, public transit, public education, along with health care and those working for the government itself, such as elected officials.
- Microsoft Cloud for Sovereignty
- Google: Sovereign Controls for its Workspace
Public clouds (AWS, GCP, Azure) are investing in hybrid cloud offerings to meet the sovereignty requirements (in the increasing order):
- Data Sovereignty: data is stored and processed in a given region / sovereign boundary.
- Operational Sovereignty: Data Sovereignty + a seperate cloud instance managed by partners.
- Software Sovereignty: Operational Sovereignty + run in on-prem data centers disconnected from the cloud provider.
Example requirements: French "Trusted Cloud".
Products / Services:
AWS Outposts, EKS Anywhere
Google Distributed Cloud (GDC): Anthos evolved (or rebranded ...)
Read More: GCP
Azure Arc (software, management, monitoring, etc) + Stack (hardware, k8s, VMs, etc)
IBM / RedHat
- basically an opinionated version of Kubernetes from RedHat.
- expanded to VMs by investing heavily in OpenShift Virtualization (Kubevirt).
- vSphere / vCenter / vCloud Director
- expanded to containers with Tanzu
- HPE Greenlake
- Dell Apex
- Pure Storage (all-flash storage)