Problems

# Segment Tree Build

## Problem

The structure of Segment Tree is a binary tree which each node has two attributes start and end denote an segment / interval.

start and end are both integers, they should be assigned in following rules:

• The root's start and end is given by build method.
• The left child of node `A` has `start=A.left`, `end=(A.left + A.right) / 2`.
• The right child of node `A` has `start=(A.left + A.right) / 2 + 1`, `end=A.right`.
• if start equals to end, there will be no children for this node.

Implement a build method with two parameters start and end, so that we can create a corresponding segment tree with every node has the correct start and end value, return the root of this segment tree.

### Example

Given `start=0`, `end=3`. The segment tree will be:

``````                   [0,  3]
/        \
[0,  1]           [2, 3]
/     \           /     \
[0, 0]  [1, 1]     [2, 2]  [3, 3]
``````

Given `start=1`, `end=6`. The segment tree will be:

``````                   [1,  6]
/        \
[1,  3]           [4,  6]
/     \           /     \
[1, 2]  [3,3]     [4, 5]   [6,6]
/    \           /     \
[1,1]   [2,2]     [4,4]   [5,5]
``````

### Clarification

Segment Tree (a.k.a Interval Tree) is an advanced data structure which can support queries like:

• which of these intervals contain a given point
• which of these points are in a given interval

See wiki:

• Segment Tree
• Interval Tree